Editors note: This is the second in a four-part series about teens, sex, and social media. Read the entire series here.
When we say, boys will be boys, what are we actually talking about?
That phrase, repeated on the playground when your toddler throws sand in his buddys face, or when your tween son discovers online porn, is a lazy excuse. What's more: it's harmful. It reinforces a set of low-standard stereotypes that perpetuate dangerously misogynistic values and cause our sons to be ill-equipped for the full human experience.
The truth is, boys will be the boys we teach them to be.
One of the most important challenges we face as parents is to dismantle traditional notions of masculinity. We need to encourage our sons to experience and express a broad range of emotions, and to seek out loving partners and close friends.
And as it turns out, that's what they want.
A 2009 survey conducted by The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy found that 95% of respondents (1,200 boys, ages 15-22) would rather have sex with a girlfriend or someone he loves than with a random girl.
For the purposes of this discussion, can we just call that every boy? And can we let that sink in for a moment?
Your son would rather have sex with a girlfriend than with some random girl, which is the exact opposite of the common stereotype of teenage boys. Most sex ed curricula in the U.S. teach to the negative stereotype, talking to boys about erections and ejaculations instead of love and intimacy.
Our culture consistently fails to give boys the credit they deserve when it comes to love, sex, and relationships. We normalize behaviors and attitudes that are not, in fact, the norm.
If all these boys are longing for intimate relationships, why arent they talking about it? Why dont we know about this?
The answer, says Amy Schalet, associate professor of sociology at The University of Massachusetts, Amherst, may lie with our cultural tendency to dichotomize We put all the love side of things on the girls and the lust side on boys.
This, in turn, informs a lifetime of education formal and informal, conscious and unconscious that leads our boys to internalize a fairly specific set of expectations; expectations that I would argue are actually limitations, and can have a dramatic impact on how your son carries himself in relationships and online.
Schalet, whose book, Not Under My Roof: Parents, Teens, and the Culture of Sex, explores differences between American and Dutch attitudes towards adolescent sexuality, explains that American parents tend to let sex become a wedge in (parent-child) relationships that are often quite close, up until puberty.
Conversely, if youre able to maintain that connectedness with your child, by remaining open and compassionate through this phase, then you can also have more influence and more control, ultimately, says Schalet.
There are several things you can do to counteract this pervasive programming. After all, the ways in which our children will perceive the world begin at the very beginning with what we present to them as truths.
To that end, here are three of the most glaringly harmful yet incredibly common ideas we pass on to our sons about sex, sexuality, and generally how to be a boy, followed by a healthier alternative to each.
Its a marathon, not a sprint, friends. So if youre consciously implementing the healthier options and not seeing instant results (i.e. a son who wants to hear your thoughts on his latest girlfriend), have faith that your efforts will have an impact in the long run.
This lesson is often delivered insidiously by way of these four words: Act like a man. Its analog stereotype would be the harmful message relayed to girls to be demure and submissive.
Professor Schalet says there is research showing that men are more likely to embrace rigid stereotypes and masculinity beliefs, and that boys who do buy into the rigid norms are affected negatively in terms of their own sexual health.
The notion that boys are supposed to be the dominant force in sexual situations is bolstered by the porn industry.
This matters because, as I wrote in my first piece in this series, boys are increasingly turning to porn as their de facto source of sex ed. The behaviors and attitudes learned in this sphere can eventually leak into decisions your son is making in his interpersonal relationships and, perhaps more easily with the option of anonymity, into his online behavior (pressuring girls for nude photos or sharing photos without consent, for example).
Boys are naturally loving, as humans are naturally loving. Were born craving touch and intimacy. How terribly sad is it, then, that we teach against this instinct when we pressure boys to toughen up.
Teach your son (nephew/grandson/friends son) that it is okay to want love. Schalet discovered in her research that many boys dont know that, like them, their peers are longing for intimate relationships, too. This is true across socioeconomics, across racial differences. There is a relational interest. Yet, (boys) dont realize this is normal. They dont realize that other boys feel this way, she says.
Let your son know from the earliest stage possible that all boys want to have close friends and, eventually, loving romantic partners. We have to get this message out to our sons, because its not the one theyre hearing from their peers, pop culture, mainstream media, or even their sex ed class at school.
And not for nothing, when it comes to sex, being a lover means paying attention to the needs of your partner. It means empathy.
Spell out, in no uncertain terms, that girls have physical desires and preferences, too. (Imagine if your son could be the partner who helps a young girl realize this?) Boys should be encouraged to ask questions and to explore the sexual realm with their partner, and to take responsibility for doing so with at least one contraceptive measure in place.
Boys are told in a multitude of ways that certain emotions are coded as feminine or girly and should be avoided at all costs, lest your manliness be questioned. So when a relationship ends, or in the case of unrequited love, boys are compelled to express their sadness as anger or hatred. They might even be driven to extreme lengths, such as revenge porn.
None of these behaviors should be excused, but parents must work to understand that everything is connected. When you told your kid to man up on the football field, he internalized that and will apply the message to almost any situation that feels painful. Break-ups are painful. Rejection is painful.
Tell your son that loss is sometimes part of loving someone, says Schalet. And that its also part of the human experience. Youre allowed to be sad when something ends that you wanted to have continue, she offers.
This message is helpful on multiple fronts. First, it validates the feelings your son was experiencing to begin with feelings of young love that adults are so quick to dismiss. Schalet found that Dutch parents are much more open to the idea that their teens have been or are in love with their respective partners.
Its not that (Dutch parents) believe that the feelings that a 12-year-old has are the same as the feelings that a 30-year-old has, but they still recognize that, even at very early ages, people can be deeply moved by other people and attracted to them and care about them.
What is to be gained by saying thats not love? Schalet questions.
What, indeed. Certainly not your childs trust. People at every age, of every sex, just want their feelings to be validated.
Secondly, allowing your son to experience and express the full range of emotions when it comes to young love helps reinforce the idea that the girl is worthy of his sadness. This supports the notion that women are to be respected, even when things dont turn out the way you hoped, and never violated.
The strong, silent guy is just a boy who never learned how to communicate. And who can blame him? He was told early on, in one way or another, that boys dont do the talking thing so much. Boys hang out in man caves and silently play video games. Boys grunt while girls chatter on endlessly about nothing at all.
American parents normalize that boys dont want to talk. That may or may not be true, but how do you respond to it? asks Schalet.
While its completely fair to expect that your son may not always want to chat with you about the events of his day or his current relationship status, you dont have to accept it. Schalet spoke to one Dutch mom who sits down next to her teen sons bed every evening and asks about his day. The conversation may be one-sided at times, but she follows through with the ritual regardless.
Schalet suggests asking questions like these:
Relating with your teen son on this level, about love and relationships instead of just the classic Sex Talk, provides him with a forum in which to practice his own communication skills. Schalet says research has shown that girls get to practice being intimate very early because their friendships tend to take on a more talking, sharing quality.
Most friendships between young boys, on the other hand, are centered around activities.
What that means, and this is really fascinating, is that boys often enter into romantic relationships less skilled at doing the kinds of things that they are just as eager to do," but haven't had as much practice as their female counterparts, she explains.
I believe that when we all decided to become parents, we entered into an implicit agreement that we would do our best to improve the world by raising good people.
Will changing the way you talk to your son about sex, love, and relationships actually change the world? I dont know. But in a culture that is still heavily male-dominated, its a damn good place to start.
More importantly, your son needs this. He may not be able to express to you how badly he wants your guidance, but in that National Campaign survey, 61% of 15-18-year-old boys said that their parents had a lot/some influence regarding their decisions about sex.
Having the one Big Talk doesnt work. Yes, you still need to tell him about birth control and sexually transmitted infections and why he gets a boner. You also need to talk to him about respecting people, opening himself to love, and being responsible in his online interactions. You should tell him that you understand the impulse behind sexting, but that it's not the best, most legal way for him to explore those desires.
And all of this should be spread out over the course of your boys childhood and adolescence, not thrust upon him the day he announces hes got a girlfriend.
If this feels like a big ask, I get it. But youve already got a lot of the information you need. You know about sex. If your own sexual health isnt where youd like it to be, all the better. Take this opportunity to educate yourself and your partner, then share your knowledge with your son when its appropriate.
Itll be one of the best time investments youll ever make, and it will go a long way toward holding up your end of that parent agreement.