How Parental Stress Impacts Kids

by ParentCo. November 10, 2017

If cold and flu season teaches us anything, it is that kids pick up everything. This is not limited only to germs, though. From the time they are in the womb until they are young adults, our kids can pick up our stress and anxiety. We have a vital, instinctive, and emotional connection to our children. This connection allows us to sense when they are in trouble, what we need to do to help our baby when she cries, and how to protect them. It is this connection that fosters our parent-child bond and allows us to pick up on their insecurities, needs, and desires. This bond gives us what we need to care for our children, while ignoring the fact that we are exhausted and overwhelmed. This connection also goes the other way as well. Through this connection, our kids pick up on our stress and anxiety throughout their lives. A child’s mirror neurons, which they will later use to develop the skill of empathy, causes them to be sensitive to our state of emotions. They mirror our stress, without even realizing it, and release their own stress hormones. These mirror neurons help us read other’s emotions. While this is a good thing for our relationships, it can also have negative impacts on us – especially when children are exposed to stress and anxiety.

Today’s stress

Parents and children today are facing stressors that past generations did not face. We deal with hectic schedules, lack of sleep and rest, overworked parents and children, school stressors, bullying, cyber bullying, anxiety over marriages, health, finances, and our attempts to balance it all. We are trying to help our children grow into responsible adults, while also trying to enjoy their childhood. Children today experience higher levels of stress, anxiety, and mental health problems than ever before. Many parents overfill schedules in an attempt to give their children the best possible childhood they think they need. Kids have more homework and intense social lives. All of this adds up to stress.

The impact of stress

Stress is more than just a word. It is a chemical reaction within our bodies that causes us to release our fight-or-flight hormones. This stress response can be beneficial when we are in danger or need to react, but constant stress over smaller issues can cause problems and make our responses overdramatic. Allowing our bodies experience too much stress can have dramatic effects on our health, from heart disease to allergies to autoimmune diseases to mental health problems. During pregnancy, these hormones can cross the placenta as well. Researchers have found that high levels of stress during pregnancy are correlated to children with ADHA and other behavior issues. We are born with specific DNA codes, and our biology plays an important role in who we become. But just as important, if not more, is the environment in which we live. While we are born with a specific DNA sequence that defines who we are, the environment in which we are raised can greatly impact our brain development. Specifically, trauma during childhood can cause developmental problems in the gray area and hippocampus area of the brain, which can result in immune problems, health problems, social issues, addiction, and other developmental problems later in life. Additionally, through the process of interaction with our caregivers and environment, our brain’s neuron connections can be heightened or harmed. Research has shown that the expression of our genetic makeup, or what genes are “switched” on or off, can vary based on our interactions with our natural and social environment. Therefore, our natural and social environments play a large role in determining our health, development, and personalities. Although stress is often a factor in our physical and mental health, it is, of course, not the only precursor. Daily life, diet, exercise, and other aspects of our lives can contribute to our health problems.

The good news

We are ultimately in control of our lives and our choices. We can take the necessary steps to manage stress, build resilience, and help our children deal with their own stressors. We can create a healthy and loving environment for our children. We can choose to make time for connection and foster loving relationships. We can walk them through times of stress and model examples of how to effectively handle stressful situations. Bottom line, we are our kids’ most important allies and can use our innate connection to them to help guide them on their journey.



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